Hand-foot-mouth disease, caused by the coxsackie virus and other enteroviruses, shows symptoms of blister-like bumps in the mouth, on the palms of the hands and bottoms of the feet, reports Children’s Hospital Boston. The virus spreads by ingesting food or drink contaminated with fecal content. Thorough washing of the hands following bathroom use is vital in preventing the spread of hand-foot-mouth disease. Since antibiotics are ineffective against viruses, treatment consists of comfort measures for fever and blisters.
Hepatitis A, a highly contagious viral liver infection, manifests with symptoms such as fatigue, yellowing of the skin, dark urine, nausea and vomiting. MayoClinic.com reports that symptoms usually don’t appear until a month after incurring the virus, and the symptoms last from less than two to six months. Some people with hepatitis A never show any signs of the disease.Hepatitis A transmission occurs when someone contaminated with the virus does not thoroughly wash his or her hands after bathroom use and handles food consumed by others. Treatment for a known hepatitis A exposure includes a hepatitis A vaccine within two weeks of exposure.
Shigellosis is a bacterial infection with symptoms that include watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever. If the disease progresses to dysentery, the stool contains mucus, blood and pus. Shigellosis spreads easily from one person to another by ingesting food contaminated by infected people who do not use adequate hand-washing technique with soap and water after using the bathroom.